Kenai Fjords National Park is located at the southernmost central point of Alaska and on the southeastern side of the Kenai Peninsula. The park covers an area of 1,046.9 square miles (2,711.3 sq km) making it the smallest national park in Alaska, but the 17th largest in the United States.
The National Parks Services describes Kenai Fjords as the place “where mountains, ice, and ocean meet.” The strikingly rugged coastline jets into the icy waters of Resurrection Bay and the Gulf of Alaska creating one of the most magical landscapes.
The park was named for, and renowned for, the abundant fjords that decorate the southern coastline of Alaska. The fjords were created by glaciers as they moved toward the sea from the ice field above. The depths of these fjords can stretch another 600 to 1,000 feet (180 to 300 m) below sea level.
The Harding Icefield is one of the largest ice fields in Alaska, and it serves as the source for approximately 40 different glaciers. Bear Glacier is the largest glacier flowing from the Harding Icefield, but Exit Glacier is probably the most famous.
Nestled in the depths of the park is an unnamed mountain that serves as the tallest point in the park at 6,450 feet (1,970 m). Although the surrounding mountains only reach heights around 6,000 feet (1,829 m), they are astounding to the eye because of their vertical ascent beginning right from sea level.
Exit Glacier is one of the most popular glaciers because of its accessibility. The Harding Icefield is the source of this glacier. There are annual markers placed that reveal the significance of glacial recession. The glacier is accessed by the park’s only road. Other famous fjords include:
- Aialik Bay
- Harris Bay
- McCarty Fjord
- Nuka Bay
Located along the coast of southern Alaska and Resurrection Bay, the lush forested region is home to wildlife while the icy waters of the bay are home to an abundance of exciting sea life.
The impressive grizzly bear, black bear, and moose are some of the larger more exciting wildlife sightings on land. The humpback whales and pods of orca are the more exciting marine life encounters.
Other wildlife found in the Kenai Fjord park includes sea otters, harbor seals, mountain goats, Dall’s porpoises, coyote, timber wolf, lynx, porcupine, and beaver. The gorgeous bald eagle and incredible peregrine falcon are two of the bird species that people hope to see.
The Harding Icefield and subsequent glaciers created from it along with the fjords these glaciers have created along the southern coastline of Alaska are the highlights. These are some of the most impressive landscapes where oceans and lands come together.
Only a portion of the Harding Icefield is located in the national park. The massive icefield extends beyond the park borders deeper into the Kenai Mountains of the Kenai Peninsula in southern Alaska.
The Harding Icefield encompasses an area of 700 square miles (1,813 sq km). The glaciers expand the iced territory to over 1,100 square miles (2,849 sq km). It is the largest of the four remaining ice fields in the United States while receiving over 33 feet (10 m) of snow each year.
There is the Exit Glacier Nature Center which provides educational insights into the glacial phenomenon of the park. It also provides access to the only road in the park which takes visitors to the Exit Glacier.
The accessibility and remarkable views along with the ability to engage the glacier up close make this one of Alaska’s most frequented natural attractions.
The Exit Glacier is a receding glacier with a recession occurring annually. The amount of recession varies from year to year, however, from 2013 to 2014, it receded 187 feet (57 m). The Exit Glacier covers an area of 4 miles (6.4 km).
Kenai Fjords National Park Trails
Kenai Fjords offers an array of hiking trails to explore the park and access the pristine nature of the area. Here are some of the more popular trails:
Harding Icefield Trail
This is a 7.4-mile (11.9 km) trail that provides access and views of the Exit Glacier and the Harding Icefield.
Exit Glacier Trail
This is a short 15 to 20-minute trail from the parking area of Exit Glacier out to the glacier itself. The path takes visitors along the trail of the recession from the glacier up to and along the face of the glacier.
Edge of the Glacier Trail
This is a 1.9-mile (3.05 km) loop trail that provides views out over the glacier and surrounding stunning landscapes.
Resurrection River Trail
This is a difficult 16.1-mile (25.9 km) with a 571-foot (174 km) ascent. This trail meanders out to Resurrection River taking hikers through beautiful meadows and stunning mountainous landscapes.
Kenai Fjords Highlights
- Harding Icefield
- Exit Glacier
- Around 40 glaciers
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